Use of and access to voter list data is restricted in some jurisdictions.
By using VoterLabs, Inc. data enhancement services, you agree that you will use voter records in a manner consistent with the laws of each state for which voter records, or data obtained from voter records, is provided.
Any record returned that contains information for, or denotes association with, a registered voter, whether or not explicitly, such as containing: voter registration dates; political party preference; indication of a request for, or return of, an absentee ballot; or participation in an election, is considered a voter record and shall be governed by this agreement as such.
Use of voter records are generally restricted to non-commercial political purposes, such as educational communications concerning an election, candidate for election, elected official, political or policy issue, or governmental proceeding, policy or process. Please see below for information on individual states.
Any information copied, or otherwise obtained, from any FEC report or statement, or any copy, reproduction, or publication thereof, filed under the Act, shall not be sold or used by any person for the purpose of soliciting contributions or for any commercial purpose, except that the name and address of any political committee may be used to solicit contributions from such committees. Records indicating a state or local contribution are exempt from FEC prohibitions but may be governed by state or local law or regulation.
Voter Record Regulations by State:
ALABAMA: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to Act 89-649, Section 2, (10) of the Alabama Election Code: Lists limited to the names, addresses, and political subdivisions or voting places to candidates for election or political party nomination to further their candidacy, political party committees or officials thereof for political purposes only, incumbent officeholders to report to their constituents; nonprofit organizations which promote voter participation and registration for that purpose only; and for no other purpose and to no one else;
ARIZONA: (Political Use Only)- Not Available on the Internet.
CALIFORNIA: (Political Use Only) Permitted user agrees to use the product in accordance with all laws and regulations, including 19003, 19004 and 19007 of the California Code of Regulations, which states as follows: 19003. Permissible Uses. Permissible uses of information obtained from a source agency shall include, but not be limited to, the following: (a) Using registration information for purposes of communicating with voters in connection with any election. (b) Sending communications, including but not limited to, mailings which campaign for or against any candidate or ballot measure in any election. (c) Sending communications, including but not limited to, mailings by or in behalf of any political party; provided however, that the content of such communications shall be devoted to news and opinions of candidates, elections, political party developments and related matters. (d) Sending communications, including but not limited to, mailings, incidental to the circulation or support of, or opposition to any recall, initiative, or referendum petition. (e) Sending of newsletters or bulletins by any elected public official, political party or candidate for public office. (f) Conducting any survey of voters in connection with any election campaign. (g) Conducting any survey of opinions of voters by any government agency, political party, elected official or political candidate for election or governmental purposes. (h) Conducting an audit of voter registration lists for the purpose of detecting voter registration fraud. (i) Soliciting contributions or services as part of any election campaign on behalf of any candidate for public office or any political party or in support of or opposition to any ballot measure. (j) Any official use by any local, state, or federal governmental agency. 19004. Impermissible Uses. The following uses of registration information obtained from a source agency shall be deemed other than for election and governmental purposes: (a) Any communication or other use solely or partially for commercial purpose. (b) Solicitation of contributions or services for any purpose other than on behalf of a candidate or political party or in support of or opposition to a ballot measure. (c) Conducting any survey of opinions of voters other than those permitted by section 19003 (f) and (g). 19007. Penalties Every person, who directly or indirectly obtains registration information from a source agency, shall be liable to the State of California, as a penalty for any use of said registration information which is not authorized by section 607 of the Elections Code and the regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, for an amount equal to the sum of $.50 multiplied by the number of registration records which such person used in an unauthorized manner. Unauthorized use by any applicant of any portion of the information obtained pursuant to this Chapter shall raise a presumption that all such information obtained by such application was so misused. Illustration: X Data Corp. obtains registration information from a source agency and uses this information to address a commercial mailing to 10,000 voters. Under the provision of this section, X Data Corp. is obligated to pay the State of California the sum of $5000.00, which constitutes the sum of $ .50 multiplied by 10,000, the number of registration records which were used in an unauthorized manner.
COLORADO: (Unrestricted) The requesting party agrees to indemnify, and hold harmless the State of Colorado, the Department of State and Secretary of State and all officers; agents and employees from and against any and all losses, damages, injuries, liabilities and claims arising out of the furnishing of names and associated data of individuals registered to vote in Colorado.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA: (Unrestricted)
GEORGIA: (Non Commercial Use) The list of Georgia registered voters shall not be used by any person for commercial purposes. FULTON COUNTY GEORGIA: The undersigned agrees and warrants he/she will not use or permit the use of said information for any purpose other than political purposes, nor will the use of the information infringe upon the rights and interests of the public. The undersigned agrees that he/she will not assign, lease, transfer, duplicate, or otherwise permit third persons to have access to the use of information for no other purpose other than for political purposes. Lists of voters will not be used by any person for commercial purposes.
HAWAII: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 11-14.6 of the Election Laws of Hawaii: The purchase of this list is limited to election or governmental purposes only. It may be made available only to candidates, political parties or committees and governmental agencies. It shall be unlawful for any person to use, print, publish, or distribute in any manner whatsoever not provided by law, any voter registration information acquired directly or indirectly from the registrar. Violation of this section is a misdemeanor.
IDAHO: (Non Commercial Use) Restrictions include but not limited to Section 34-437(3) of the Idaho Election Code: No person to whom a list of registered electors is made available and no person who acquires a list of registered electors prepared from such list shall use any information contained therein for commercial purposes.
ILLINOIS: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to 46 s.4-8 of the Illinois Elections Code. The information shall be used only for bona fide political purposes, including by or for candidates for office or incumbent office holders. Such tapes, discs or other electronic data shall not be used under any circumstances by any political committee or individuals for purposes of commercial solicitation or other business purposes.... The prohibition in this Section against using the computer tapes or computer discs or other electronic data processing information containing voter registration information for purposes of commercial solicitation or other business purposes shall be prospective only from the effective date of this amended Act of 1979. Any person who violates this provision shall be guilty of a Class 4 felony.
INDIANA: (Political Use Only)
IOWA: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to Iowa Code s.48.5: The duplicate registration records open to public inspection and any list obtained under subsection 2 of [s.48.5] shall be used only to request a registrant's vote or for any other bona fide political purpose or for a bona fide official purpose by an elected official....Any person that uses such lists in violation of this section shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a serious misdemeanor.
KANSAS: (Non Commercial Use) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 25-2320a. of the Kansas Election Code. Use of voter registration lists for commercial purposes is a class C misdemeanor.
KENTUCKY: (Non-Commercial Use) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 117 of the Kentucky Election Laws: No use, directly or indirectly, for the sale or advertisement of any good or service.
MAINE: The current applicable law Title 21-A MSRA sec 196-A – http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/21-A/title21-Asec196-A.html . A summary of this law is below: …Any person obtaining, either directly or indirectly, information from the central voter registration system under this paragraph may not sell, distribute or use the data for any purpose that is not directly related to activities of a political party, 'get out the vote' efforts or activities directly related to a campaign. This paragraph does not prohibit political parties, party committees, candidate committees, political action committees or any other organizations that have purchased information from the central voter registration system from providing access to such information to their members for purposes directly related to party activities, 'get out the vote' efforts or a campaign. For purposes of this paragraph, 'campaign' has the same meaning as in section 1052, subsection 1
MARYLAND: (Political Use Only) Maryland voter data may be used for purposes related to the electoral process only.
MINNESOTA: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 201.091 of the Minnesota Election Laws: No individual who inspects the public information list or who acquires a list of registered voters prepared form the public information list may use any information contained in the list for purposes unrelated to elections, political activities, or law enforcement.
MISSOURI: (Non Commercial Use) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 115.158 of the Revised Statutes of the State of Missouri. Any information contained in any state or local voter registration system, limited to the master voter registration list or any other list generated from the information, subject to chapter 610, RSMo, shall not be used for commercial purposes. JACKSON COUNTY BOARD OF ELECTIONS COMMISSIONERS The voter list will be used for politically related purposes, and will not be sold, traded or in any way made available to third parties. GREENE COUNTY The voter list is not to be used for other than political or governmental purposes. This list will not be sold to, nor made available to any commercial interest or group that does not otherwise qualify for access to this information in guidelines established by the County Clerk.
MONTANA: (Non Commercial Use) Restrictions include but not limited to Section 13-2-122 of the Montana Election Code: The voter list may only be used for noncommercial purposes.
NEBRASKA: (Political Use Only) I hereby swear that I will use the list of registered voters of ....... County, Nebraska, only for the purposes prescribed in section 32-330 and for no other purpose and that I will not permit the use or copying of such list for unauthorized purposes. I hereby declare under the penalty of election falsification that the statements above are true to the best of my knowledge. The penalty for election falsification is a Class IV felony.
NEW HAMPSHIRE: (Unrestricted)
NEW JERSEY: (Unrestricted except no Commercial Solicitation) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 19:31-18.1 of the New Jersey Election Code: No person shall use voter registration lists or copies thereof ... as a basis for commercial solicitation of the voters listed thereon. Any person making such use of such lists or copies thereof shall be a disorderly person, and shall be punished by a fine not exceeding $500.00.
NEW MEXICO: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but not limited to Section 1-5-24 of the New Mexico Election Code: I hereby swear that the New Mexico voter list shall be used for governmental, election and election campaign purposes, and shall not be made available or used for commercial or unlawful purposes.
NEW YORK: (Political Use Only) NORTH CAROLINA: (Unrestricted)
NORTH DAKOTA: North Dakota is the only state without voter registration, the state does not maintain a voter registration database. The state does maintain a Central Voter File, a central database comprised of actively voting residents. North Dakota Century Code 16.1-02-15 limits who may receive and purchase this material for election-related purposes; [a voter list or a report generated from the Central Voter File may be made available to a candidate, political party, or a political committee for election-related purposes. Any information obtained by a candidate, political party, or political committee for election-related purposes from a list or report generated from the Central Voter File may not be sold or distributed for a purpose that is not election-related. Except for information identified in the Central Voter File under subsections 1,2,3,5,6,7, and 8 of section 16.1-02-12, which may be made available to a candidate, political party, or political committee for election-related purposes, information in the Central Voter File is an exempt record.]
OREGON: (Non Commercial Use) Use of Lists for Commercial Purposes Prohibited.
PENNSYLVANIA: (Political Use Only) 961.704. Public information lists.(c) Copies.-- (2)An individual who inspects or acquires a copy of a public information list may not use any information contained in it for purposes unrelated to elections, political activities or law enforcement.
RHODE ISLAND: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to Chapter 17-6 of the General Laws. The list may only be used for political purposes. ‘I affirm that the lists will be used only for political purposes and for no other use and that I will not permit the use of or copying of such lists by persons for any other purpose.’ The Rhode Island federal court has ruled that the list may be used for news gathering purposes.
SOUTH CAROLINA: (Non Commercial Use) SECTION 30-2-50. Use of personal information for commercial solicitation prohibited; penalties. (A) A person or private entity shall not knowingly obtain or use any personal information obtained from a public body for commercial solicitation directed to any person in this State. (B) Every public body shall provide a notice to all requestors of records under this chapter and to all persons who obtain records under this chapter that obtaining or using public records for commercial solicitation directed to any person in this State is prohibited. (C) All state agencies shall take reasonable measures to ensure that no person or private entity obtains or distributes personal information obtained from a public record for commercial solicitation. (D) A person knowingly violating the provisions of subsection (A) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined an amount not to exceed five hundred dollars or imprisoned for a term not to exceed one year, or both.
SOUTH DAKOTA: (Political Use Only) Not available to be posted on the internet.
TENNESSEE: (Political Use Only) Voter registration lists may be used for political purposes only.
TEXAS: (No Commercial Use) Identified restrictions include but are not limited to Section 18.066 of the State of Texas Election Code: ‘(d) To receive information under this section, a person must submit an affidavit to the secretary stating that the person will not use the information obtained in connection with advertising or promoting commercial products or services.’
VIRGINIA: (Political Use Only): Restrictions include but are not limited to Article 2 Section 24 of the Commonwealth of Virginia Election Code. Voter lists shall only be made available for political purposes, and only to candidates and elected officials for their districts, and party committees and officers. The list may also be made available to courts for jury selection purposes. The Virginia Supreme Court has ruled that the list may also be provided to PACs for political purposes.
WASHINGTON: (Political Use Only) Such voter registration lists shall be used only for political purposes; commercial use of this information shall be punishable as provided in RCW 29.04.120 as now or hereafter amended. KING COUNTY: I understand that the information that I am obtaining shall be used in accordance with state law RCW 29.04 et al and King County Ordinance 1346 which provides that such lists shall be used for political purposes and shall not be used for commercial purposes. Political purposes include any and all activities on the part of political parties, candidates and their campaign organizations, political action committees, and measure pro and con committees and individuals partaking in political activism. It may also include activities of private citizens related to political campaigns. Commercial uses include sales and sales lead development lists, credit and collection bureaus, and all information vendors other than political list vendors. This form shall be kept on file by my organization and for each and every organization or individual who obtains any such information from me or my firm. Political vendors with written agreements are, in essence, an extension of this office, and must meet all of the same requirements in the release of lists as this office must meet. This agreement has been signed by an officer of the corporation or organization. Per the provisions of the Revised Code of Washington, any person who violates any provision of the law relating to the use of the personal information contained on voter lists, including electronic media (CD, floppy disk, etc.) paper printout lists, mailing labels, or any other media, shall be guilty of a felony and shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years and/or a fine of up to five thousand dollars.
WEST VIRGINIA: (Non Commercial Use)
West Virginia: May not be used for commercial or charitable solicitations or advertising.
WYOMING: (Political Use Only) Restrictions include but are not limited to Section 22-2-113 of the 1985 Wyoming Election Code: (a) The secretary of state shall furnish at a reasonable price computerized voter registration lists to any candidate for a political office in the state, candidate's campaign committee, political party central committees and officials thereof, elected officials, political action committees and to organizations which promote voter participation. All lists are for political purposes only and are not available for commercial use. The lists shall be in the form of printouts, mailing labels or tapes as requested. (b) Anyone violating the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable by not more than six (6) months imprisonment in the county jail, or a fine of not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000.00), or both.
VoterLabs, Inc. accepts no liability or responsibility for misuse our products or services.
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